Posts By: Calvac Paving

How Many Parking Spots Will I Need For My Strip Mall?

Happy Monday Everyone! In this edition of Maintenance Monday, one of our social media friends sent us this question.  I own a strip mall in San Jose, we have 10 retail stores, with 75 parking spots. How do we figure out the correct amount of handicap parking spots to have?  The answer is…

Thank you, In this case, 75 stalls. Three would need to be accessible spaces (not handicap), of which one of those would have to be van accessible.  One thing to consider is the current count. If this property has 5 existing accessible spaces, it is best to put back those 5.  The reasoning is that the standards are the minimum and it is not usually a good idea to decrease accessibility on a property.  This is why it is important to plan these layouts with an ADA specialist, you don’t want to create a problem in the future by guessing or overestimating today.

How many parking spots do I need?

 

 

At Calvac Paving, we have ADA Expert(Certified Access Specialists) available. Our ADA Expertspecialists serve the San Jose area as well as the greater Bay Area.

Calvac Paving Deploys Trash Capture Devices Inside Catch Basins to Combat Water Pollution

Our water is arguably the most precious natural resource we have, and it’s up to everyone to keep it clean so we always have access to safe drinking water. At Calvac Paving, we’re always looking for new ways to help keep our environment clean and healthy without compromising performance. Recently, we added a new tool to our arsenal in the ongoing fight against water pollution: full trash capture units inside catch basins.

If you’ve been walking down the sidewalk or happened to look at a storm drain in the middle of a parking lot recently, you may have noticed a marker which reads, “No Dumping—Drains To Bay,” such as a stream, lake or the ocean. Other such markers include reminders to be cautious of discarding trash and debris into water sources. All of these markers indicate places where trash capture filter devices may have been installed in storm drains.

 

The principle behind trash capture units inside catch basins is very simple. They work much like a pool filter to prevent dirt, debris, garbage and other runoff contaminants from getting into the water. Made by REM Filters, these Triton filtration systems are designed for drains which empty to stormwater repositories and water bodies. They have the advantage of being economical, flexible and relatively low-maintenance, while helping keep stormwater runoff cleaner and promoting a healthier environment.

With different filtration media available, property managers, owners and municipalities can design a custom system which works with the primary contaminants in a given area, such as streets, parking lots and garages, food courts, sidewalks and so on. The filters are easy to clean, change and service, allowing for broader application with reduced service and personnel costs versus conventional storm drain clearance procedures. Even better, Triton trash catch basins can be applied to both new and retrofit construction, saving time and money over other stormwater mitigation measures.

Calvac Paving has been serving the Bay Area for over 45 years with the latest and best in paving and stormwater mitigation technology. Some of the services we provide include:

·        New Construction 

·        Grading

·        Concrete Placement 

·        Asphalt Placement & Compaction

·        Striping

·        Pulverizing In Place

·        ADA upgrades to existing structures

·        Crack Sealing & Repair

·        Petromat Overlays

·        Parking Lots

·        Asphalt Repairs

·        And More! 

At Calvac Paving, we are committed to providing the best and most modern paving solutions available, while implementing new ways to make our processes and products greener and more in harmony with our environment. There’s no “Plan B” for our planet; we only have one, and it’s everyone’s responsibility to help keep it green, healthy and beautiful for ourselves and generations to come. New technology and pollution-combating policies, processes and procedures are just one of the many ways we demonstrate our commitment to a greener Earth on every job, every time. To learn more about Calvac Paving’s green initiatives, or to learn how we can help your new construction or retrofit project go more smoothly and be more environmentally friendly, call us at (408) 225-7700 or click here to contact us via email!

Bay Area Asphalt and Concrete

 

5 Major Asphalt Advances to Watch in 2022 From Calvac Paving

From the highway to the driveway, asphalt paving gets you where you need to go. Humanity has been using asphalt and bitumen for projects as diverse as waterproofing, shipbuilding, and road paving for millennia, and it has continued to prove its utility at every turn. In 2022, Calvac Paving is excited about some new advances in paving technology that could be game-changers for drivers, owners, stakeholders, and local, state, and federal authorities and agencies alike. These are the five major asphalt advances you’ll want to watch in 2022, brought to you by your friends at Calvac Paving!

 

Alternative paving materials

 

From cigarette butts to recycled plastic to rubber-modified asphalt (RMA), scientists worldwide are exploring the application of old materials, used in new ways to enhance the strength, longevity, sustainability, recyclability, and resilience of asphalt paving. These alternative paving materials may help combat issues like the “urban heat island” effect, keeping asphalt-paved surfaces cooler and allowing them to trap less heat year-round. They also offer new ways to reduce waste, reuse materials, and recycle “junk” materials that are typically discarded, helping break the waste chain and creating a healthier environment by keeping these materials out of landfills, waterways, and oceans.

 

Smart pavement

 

Technology may soon make your morning commute or your summer trips safer and easier, with fewer bumps and less noise! Integrated sensors that report everything from traffic conditions to overall roadway and pavement health are being tested around the globe. Nanoparticle-based noise- and vibration-damping adhesive binders for asphalt mixes are under investigation as a potential solution to problems such as roadway chipping and pitting. And roadways that charge electric vehicles as they drive using wireless recharging technologies are in active use or the planning stages from Sweden to Michigan to Norway, solving one of the EV’s biggest hurdles while also making paving even more environmentally friendly!

 

Asphalt continues its reign as the world’s most recycled material.

 

Roughly 100 million tons of asphalt pavement mix are produced each year globally. Of that amount, an estimated 95% is reclaimed, reused, recycled, or repurposed, making asphalt one of the planet’s most readily recyclable materials. Perhaps most importantly, recycling asphalt helps keep costs lower and reduces reliance on foreign oil to create the bitumen binder that gives asphalt paving its flexibility. With all these factors going for asphalt, it’s reasonable to expect even bigger pushes to maximize asphalt recycling up to a full 100% in 2022 and beyond.

 

Inflation and rising oil prices

 

Between the war in Ukraine and US embargos on Russian goods, including oil, the continuing effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on shipping and trade, and a period of high inflation, prices are only getting higher for just about everything—and asphalt pavement is no exception. Recycling and the use of alternative paving materials will help offset this increase greatly, but paving contractors and stakeholders can still expect to see reduced profits and higher up-front costs, at least through the summer.

 

Striping

 

Some of the biggest advances and hottest trends in paving technology don’t really have to do with the pavement itself—but the paint! Striping is a perennial headache for entities from the federal government all the way down to small business owners trying to keep their parking stalls and handicapped spaces ADA compliant, but new formulas and application methodologies appear poised to change that in 2022. New advances in striping paint include more eco-friendly options, nanotechnology and microfibers for increased durability and longer utility life, and additives and refined formulas for heightened visibility. Autonomous, self-piloting robotic paint sprayers which deploy striping more uniformly, more accurately, and with a greater level of precision than humans are capable of are making a big impression across the industry.

 

At Calvac Paving, we’re excited about (most of) what 2022 has in store for the paving industry, as well as how new advances and technologies are going to change both the paving industry and the face of our world. Since 1974, we’ve been committed to making the use of concrete and asphalt paving in construction as efficient, cost-effective, and environmentally friendly as possible. Because of this commitment to a greener, cleaner planet for all, and better-forming pavement applications for our customers and stakeholders, we’re looking forward to seeing the next big advances and putting them to work!

When you need a Bay Area paving contractor with an unparalleled safety record who goes above and beyond to deliver consistently outstanding results, click here to contact Calvac Paving. Let us show you what sets Calvac Paving apart from other paving contractors and why we’re the paving company the Bay Area trusts from the driveway to the highway and home again!

 

 

Bay Area Asphalt & Concrete

Since 1974, Calvac Paving has taken great pride in serving the Bay Area Asphalt & Concrete construction needs.

For nearly fifty years, Calvac Paving has been the Bay Area asphalt and concrete paving contractor that California state and federal agencies, private construction firms, and individual property owners trust to deliver quality concrete paving and Bay Area asphalt cement for every application from tollways to driveways.

 

Consistently ensuring the highest possible quality and best results for clients means keeping pace with the latest innovations in Bay Area asphalt paving and concrete technology and techniques. Calvac Paving’s dedicated and knowledgeable paving professionals have amassed considerable experience in everything from new construction to refurbishment and repair of old, worn paving such as sidewalks, parking lots, roadways and more. While many paving companies focus solely on one kind of paving, Calvac Paving can boast extensive experience with asphalt, concrete and earthwork, from initial grading to final striping. 

“Excellent service. Very knowledgeable with work needed and easy to communicate ideas or alternate solutions. The field estimator and project manager handled everything with a minimum of time reviewing the scope of work, and the front office handled all District paperwork on a professional level.” 

Among the services Calvac Paving offers to the public are:

  • New Construction
  • Grading
  • Concrete Placement
  • Asphalt Placement & Compaction
  • Striping
  • Asphalt Seal Coating
  • Pulverizing In Place
  • ADA upgrades to existing structures
  • Crack Sealing & Repair
  • Petromat Overlays
  • Parking Lots
  • Asphalt Repairs 
In addition to these services, Calvac Paving takes its obligations to the environment we all share very seriously. 

We use the latest green and eco-friendly policies and practices at every stage of construction from the project’s start to the final cleanup and disposal of waste products at the end.  Most business owners would agree that taking steps to be a greener business is a win-win for everyone.

“Green” Paving?

While this phrase may sound oxymoronic, asphalt pavement has consistently been reported as the most frequently recycled material in the nation since 1993. Continuous improvements in recycling technology and paving practices and techniques that permit for more adaptive uses of existing paving materials have fueled this recycling boom with regards to asphalt and, to a lesser degree, concrete. Purely virgin asphalt concrete, also known as “hot-mix,” is relatively rare today because of the numerous advantages of recycling asphalt in place. However, many old-school pavers often still refer to “warm-mix,” discussed below, as “hot-mix” regardless of this designation’s true accuracy.

“Overall terrific experience. Responsive, engaged and high quality work. I would definitely recommend Calvac to others.” 

Most asphalt you see on the road today consists of rocks, also called aggregates, sand, binder material, and additives such as shredded rubber tires, pig manure, cigarette butts, and metal slag, to name a few. These additives are re-purposed and treated in such a way as to make them a cohesive part of the overall mix and increase a Bay Area asphalt and cement mix’s performance. This transforms relatively useless or even outright hazardous materials into reasonably safe and effective filler materials for asphalt mixes. However, the most common fillers are recycled asphalt paving and asphalt shingles. Using these materials in “warm-mix” asphalt paving sharply decreases the amount of virgin oil binder needed to create a safe driving surface with proper internal cohesion and compactive properties.

According to the National Asphalt Paving Association, in the 2013 construction season alone nearly 68 million tons of recycled asphalt and almost 2 million tons of asphalt shingles were used as recyclables, at a savings to taxpayers of around $2 billion. The use of recyclables has increased 21% since 2009 and represents over 99% of all in situ, or existing, asphalt paving and concrete being recycled and re-purposed instead of ending up in landfills.

Calvac Paving is proud to be part of an industry that is able to recycle and reuse apparent waste materials so efficiently and effectively in concrete and asphalt paving. 

As your Bay Area concrete and asphalt pavement provider, Calvac Paving takes a deep interest in ongoing advances in procedures and techniques that allow for new ways to re-purpose existing pavement, whether it is asphalt, concrete, or something else.

 The Future Of Asphalt & Concrete

The interest in new advances is not limited to asphalt because Calvac Paving is dedicated to finding more efficient and ecologically sound ways of achieving the same overall goals. One development that Calvac Paving is watching with great interest is so-called “bio-concrete.” In this type of concrete, a regular concrete mix is impregnated with tiny plastic capsules containing a type of bacillus bacterium which feeds on calcium lactate and excretes limestone. The capsules dissolve when exposed to water, activating and freeing the dormant bacteria within to begin the healing process. This landmark technology could result in admixtures for other types of Bay Area paving, which work to increase the strength, performance, and longevity of all kinds of paving while reducing necessary time-of-life repairs dramatically.

As paving technology and techniques evolve, Calvac Paving intends to retain our leadership position in adopting new practices, prioritizing greater safety, security, durability, and environmental awareness in every task we undertake. From new builds to maintenance and repair of existing paving projects, Calvac Paving wants to ensure that its products and services stand the test of time, just as we have since 1974. For your next paving project, whether you’re starting from scratch or trying to determine the most efficient and effective way to repair or replace worn, cracked, or improperly placed paving materials, Calvac Paving’s experienced personnel can become stakeholders in your properties. We welcome the opportunity to show you why Calvac Paving has been building the Bay Area for over forty years, giving real results that stand the test of time!

To find out more about why Calvac Paving is the Bay Area’s leader in San Jose concrete and asphalt paving for every application from auto parking to complete new construction, we invite you to click our name to find out more about Calvac Paving, including directions to our office. 

You can also call us at any of the three numbers below, or visit https://www.calvacpaving.com/contact-us/ to get in touch through our website.

(408)872-9122

(650)318-6108

 (831)264-0644

And for more information about Calvac Paving Bay Area asphalt and concrete, keep reading for our answers to frequently asked questions from readers and business owners like you!

 

Frequently Asked Questions about Bay Area Asphalt and Concrete

Calvac Paving is your source for real information and true facts about everything to do with concrete and asphalt, so you know for sure the job will get done right the first time, every time!

“Gahrahmat Properties has worked with Calvac well over 20 years. Calvac has done jobs for us of all shapes and sizes and they have never let us down, ALWAYS on time and ALWAYS on budget. Calvac is a company that is very knowledgeable at all levels, and the guys on site are amazing. For example, if one of the crew sees something that isn’t correct they either bring it to our attention or they simply just take care of it. This company takes pride at all levels of their work and it shows time and time again. So, on behalf of Gahrahmat Properties, I would like to thank you Guys for all of your hard work over the past 20 plus years and We look forward to many more. Robert J. Crum” 

Note: All reviews on this page are from actual Calvac Paving customers. To see more reviews, click here!

 

Question: How can I tell if my Bay Area asphalt and concrete company is going to do a good job? –Arthur, San Jose, CA

Answer: A reputable paving contractor will have a good rating with the Better Business Bureau; solid reviews on Yelp!, Google, HomeAdvisor, and other contractor-oriented websites; and be able to provide honest reviews and references from actual customers so you can verify their credentials and past experience. However, is this the best way to gauge how a contractor works? Not necessarily! The best way to see how a contractor does their job is to actually see them working and how they interact with their crews, other contractors, inspectors, and the general public. This can help you evaluate both the content of the company’s character and the sort of results you can expect from your Bay Area paving contractor. Or you can just contact Calvac Paving!

 

Question: How does recycling asphalt make for a better environment, and why does Calvac Paving care? –Alisha, San Francisco, CA

Answer: Conserving natural resources to create a healthier environment and future for everyone who shares this planet has been a priority goal of Calvac Paving since the beginning. As such, we make it a point to source our cement-based concrete and asphalt concrete from recyclable materials when and where possible. We also work hard to keep up with the latest changes and developments in concrete and asphalt technology, so we’re always at the forefront of innovation for paving that delivers superior longevity, durability, performance, and safety for the general public. But it’s our results and impressive list of repeat customers, some of whom have trusted Calvac Paving’s personnel, methods, and processes for decades, that really sets us apart from other so-called “green” paving companies. That’s why more businesses and contractors trust Calvac Paving for eco-friendlier construction materials and practices and why you can trust us too!

 

Question: What is the difference between asphalt, concrete, and cement? –Jonas, Santa Clara, CA

Answer: Cement is one of the key ingredients in concrete. When you mix Portland cement with aggregate, sand, admixtures, colors, and other ingredients, you get a simple-to-place matrix that can be tinted, colored, shaped, and formed in just about any way you can conceive of. Thus, while you can have cement without concrete, you can’t have conventional concrete without cement. 

Asphalt, on the other hand, uses sand and aggregates as well, but it substitutes a bituminous binder, also known as tar or oil, for cement to give the matrix greater strength, flexibility, and water resistance. When the asphalt is compacted and cured, it forms a flexible surface that can withstand more direct force for longer periods than concrete can. This is why you see concrete curbs alongside asphalt roads and driveways. The concrete helps to shape and support the roadway, while the asphalt provides a smooth, resilient surface that’s safer to drive on in all weather and easier to repair than conventional concrete. 

Unlike some companies that only do one or the other, Calvac Paving places both Bay Area asphalt and concrete paving so you know you’ll get the best results every time. 

To learn more, click here to contact Calvac Paving today!

 

7 Signs Your Parking Lot Paving Needs to be Repaired

Asphalt pavement is one of the most durable and resilient materials currently used in modern construction. It’s easy to place, maintain and recycle when its service lifespan has expired, helping to reduce manufacturing costs and greenhouse gas emissions associated with asphalt paving production. Asphalt surfaces are also very flexible relative to other paving materials, which is just one reason why asphalt parking lots have become so popular. But, like any other construction material, asphalt and concrete paving don’t last forever. A well-placed asphalt surface can last 10-20 years or more with proper pavement maintenance. As we move into the wetter, colder months, you’ll want to be on the lookout for these 7 signs your parking lot needs repair.

 

1.  Look for cracking and crumbling edges.

You’re most likely to see these signs of asphalt deterioration around joints in the parking lot paving and the curb and gutter areas of industrial parking lots and asphalt driveways, although they can occur anywhere. When this happens, it could indicate that people are driving too close to the edge, the asphalt is not properly supported at the edges or the asphalt is beginning to age out of effective service. If not sealed or repaired, the cracks can spread throughout the entire surface. Crack sealing early can help extend the life and performance of the asphalt surfaces.

 

2.  Potholes and sunken areas

These commonly occur when water seeps into cracks in the parking lot’s surface. Over time, the water undermines the subbase, causing the paving in that area to sag and crack. One key symptom of an incipient pothole is the presence of pooling water on the surface. If you notice this, a spot asphalt repair can help prevent larger and more costly problems later.

 

3.  Alligator Cracks

Alligator cracking, named for its distinctive appearance, is a sign of too much stress on the asphalt. If your asphalt surfaces look like the skin of an alligator, it can indicate the subbase was improperly prepared by the original paving contractor and/or the pavement is routinely subjected to heavier traffic than it was designed to withstand, such as parking large trucks on a residential driveway. When you see this, you need parking lot and driveway repair or replacement right away.

 

4.  Oxidization

The binding agents in asphalt which give it its flexibility and strength don’t last forever. In fact, from the moment asphalt is laid, the sun, wind, water, weather, and oil and chemical leaks from vehicles begin to eat away at them. This is why asphalt’s color fades from black to gray and the aggregate begins to peek out of the surface. Depending on the size of the area and whether other signs of damage are present, asphalt seal coat, asphalt milling, and parking lot resurfacing may all need to be considered.

 

5.  Improper drainage

Evidence of improper drainage can be an early sign asphalt repairs are needed. If water can’t drain off your parking lot or driveway it can damage the asphalt surfacing and cause larger problems later. Blocked storm drain inlets can lead to damage as well, so it’s important to inspect them regularly and make sure the runoff from your lot or driveway can go to where it’s intended.

 

6.  Faded or illegible striping

Proper parking stall and line marking make your property look better and more user-friendly. It’s also a requirement of the Americans with Disabilities Act. In addition to directing traffic, striping often works as a sort of visual canary for indicating potential issues which might otherwise go unnoticed. If your parking lot’s striping is looking worn, difficult to read, or hard to understand, you need to take a closer look at the entire area for other potential issues.

 

7.  Time

If you can’t remember the last time you had any repairs or maintenance on your driveway or parking lot, it’s probably time. For best results, your asphalt surfaces should be seal coated at least every 4-5 years to help keep them looking their best and preventing chemicals, motor oil, and water from infiltrating the surface. If there are no major issues with the asphalt surfaces, minor crack sealing and spot repairs can also be made before sealing the surface again. It’s also a good opportunity to update your parking layout and striping to comply with ADA guidelines if they don’t already!  

 

Keeping your asphalt paved surfaces in good repair isn’t just about making your property look and perform its best. Driveway or parking lot problems could also present ADA compliance issues with hefty associated fines and even open your company to workers’ compensation claims or civil lawsuits arising from injuries and vehicular damage. By making timely preventative asphalt repairs you can save time, money, and worry while presenting a more professional face for your business. At Calvac Paving, we know you have a choice of commercial asphalt and concrete paving contractors in the Bay Area, which is why we’re committed to delivering the finest in asphalt repair and driveway and parking lot construction. For your next parking lot repairs or to learn more about how Calvac can help you get the maximum life from your asphalt paving, click here to contact us.

 

Five Reasons the Best Time to Maintain Your Asphalt Is NOW!

The last 18 months have been rife with uncertainty and riddled with worry for nearly everyone. With businesses closing temporarily or permanently, the Bay Area’s paving situation has never been as dire as it is now. The fact is, if your parking lot, driveway, and other paving problems aren’t corrected early, they’ll get worse and more expensive to fix later. Here are five reasons the best time to maintain your asphalt is NOW!

 

1. Fluctuating Oil Prices

The price of oil impacts everything, perhaps especially in the construction industry. Asphalt and concrete batching and production processes are uniquely affected by the cost of oil. In July 2020, the cost of asphalt tumbled to a low not seen since March of 2017. One year later, the price has increased by nearly 50%, spurred on by rising oil prices and a concurrent rise in the cost of refining, processing, and batching. With prices going up, now is the best time to lock in current rates for asphalt and concrete before the cost jumps even higher.

 2. Curb Appeal

How can you tell the difference between a closed business and a business that’s open and ready to take care of its customers? The truth is your customers can’t, especially if they’re driving by on the street. Cracked, faded, potholed parking lots with worn-out striping are unattractive to the eye and send an unflattering message to potential clientele. By repairing your parking lot, accessways, and other curb and drive installations, you clearly communicate that you’re open for business, ready to get to work and able to assist your customers with all their needs.

 3. Safety

Did you know that cracked or potholed asphalt, offset sidewalk slabs, and other defects and damaged portions can be a safety hazard? It’s true! If a customer trips and falls because of poorly cared-for paving, your business may be liable for any injuries they sustain. Such hazards can also impede disability access to your business and maybe an ADA violation with a fine of up to $75,000 for the first infraction and $150,000 for each subsequent violation. When you add up the stiff financial and reputation costs of noncompliance and the potential for injury to your staff, customers, and the general public, having your parking lot and sidewalks repaired looks like a pretty good bargain.

 

4. Weatherproofing

When cracks form in asphalt paving, it allows water to infiltrate the subbase. A small trickle of water isn’t a big deal, though, right? Unfortunately, no. As water seeps into the pavement, it wears and washes away the surrounding material and pools within the matrix, allowing plant seeds to take root and start to grow. During colder weather, it may freeze and expand. These erosive processes accelerate cracking and pothole formation as well as undermining the structural integrity and flexibility of the overlying surface. At a certain point, the paving will be beyond repair and will have to be completely removed and redone to work properly. A well-maintained parking lot will perform and look better for years to come.

 5. Increase and Safeguard Your Property Value

Faded, cracked, or faulty paving can be expensive in more ways than you think. It can also drag down the property value, especially if you’re considering selling in the near future. If your paving looks good, it will also perform well for years to come, making the property a better investment for anyone who might end up buying.

 

All in all, maintaining your asphalt paving is a smart investment with a lot of benefits and virtually no downside over time. Whether you need a simple sealcoat and restriping, a spot patch and repair on a faulty section, or a complete tear-out and rebuild of your asphalt and concrete paving, Calvac Paving is here to help with proven, durable results that give you, your tenants, and their customers the great performance and appearance they expect and deserve. For all your Bay Area paving needs and a job that’s done right the first time, every time, click here to contact Calvac Paving today!

 

Maintenance Monday – How Portland Cement is Made

Portland cement is the basic ingredient of concrete. Concrete is formed when portland cement creates a paste with water that binds with sand and rock to harden.

Cement is manufactured through a closely controlled chemical combination of calcium, silicon, aluminum, iron and other ingredients. Common materials used to manufacture cement include limestone, shells, and chalk or marl combined with shale, clay, slate, blast furnace slag, silica sand, and iron ore. These ingredients, when heated at high temperatures form a rock-like substance that is ground into the fine powder that we commonly think of as cement.

The most common way to manufacture portland cement is through a dry method. The first step is to quarry the principal raw materials, mainly limestone, clay, and other materials. After quarrying the rock is crushed. This involves several stages. The first crushing reduces the rock to a maximum size of about 6 inches. The rock then goes to secondary crushers or hammer mills for reduction to about 3 inches or smaller.

The crushed rock is combined with other ingredients such as iron ore or fly ash and ground, mixed, and fed to a cement kiln. The cement kiln heats all the ingredients to about 2,700 degrees Fahrenheit in huge cylindrical steel rotary kilns lined with special firebrick. Kilns are frequently as much as 12 feet in diameter—large enough to accommodate an automobile and longer in many instances than the height of a 40-story building. The large kilns are mounted with the axis inclined slightly from the horizontal.

Old cement dispenser company

The finely ground raw material or the slurry is fed into the higher end. At the lower end is a roaring blast of flame, produced by precisely controlled burning of powdered coal, oil, alternative fuels, or gas under forced draft.

As the material moves through the kiln, certain elements are driven off in the form of gases. The remaining elements unite to form a new substance called clinker. Clinker comes out of the kiln as grey balls, about the size of marbles.

Clinker is discharged red-hot from the lower end of the kiln and generally is brought down to handling temperature in various types of coolers. The heated air from the coolers is returned to the kilns, a process that saves fuel and increases burning efficiency.

After the clinker is cooled, cement plants grind it and mix it with small amounts of gypsum and limestone. Cement is so fine that 1 pound of cement contains 150 billion grains.  The cement is now ready for transport to ready-mix concrete companies to be used in a variety of construction projects.

Although the dry process is the most modern and popular way to manufacture cement, some kilns in the United States use a wet process. The two processes are essentially alike except in the wet process, the raw materials are ground with water before being fed into the kiln.

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Maintenance Monday: 10 Ways to Prepare Your Asphalt for Summer

 

Whether it’s a roadway, a driveway or a parking lot, asphalt takes a pounding over the fall and winter months. The cooler temperatures and more frequent rains can take a toll on even the most robust and well-constructed asphalt pavements. To ensure maximum safety and durability for your asphalt and the people who travel and park on it, Calvac Paving presents ten ways to prepare your asphalt for summer!

 

1.  Take a Closer Look.

Asphalt is very durable and resilient, but there are a number of ways it can fail, so it’s a good idea to have a thorough walkthrough at least quarterly. You should check the condition of your asphalt more frequently in cases of unusually heavy or inclement weather, or if you notice indications of a problem like water flowing down the middle of your lot or roadway.

 

2.  Cracked-Up Asphalt isn’t Funny. 

Surface cracking often indicates that the subgrade beneath the asphalt is failing, this will also allow water penetration into the subgrade. In these cases, depending upon the severity, the affected problems such as potholes, alligatoring, or area(s) need to be removed and replaced.

 

3.  Paint it Black.

If your asphalt looks gray rather than black, has a pitted look or you notice deep cracks which may allow water to infiltrate to the subbase, it’s time to engage in crack filling and sealcoating, to help preserve and protect the asphalt and retard further damage. 

Note: Most unsealed asphalt has a rough and somewhat textured surface, because of the placement methodologies and the type of hot mix used. The larger the aggregate in the mix the stronger the pavement, but you give up the smooth appearance

The solution to this rough surface is twofold. First, an admixture of 2% latex per gallon of raw seal coat is added to both coats of material. secondly, adding one to four pounds of sand to the seal coat on the first coat will add necessary fine aggregate to fill the voids in the asphalt pavement. No sand is added to the second coat. This works to ensure a better looking, longer-wearing surface.

4.  Don’t Stand for It!

Standing water can be a symptom of subsurface issues with a section of your asphalt, usually caused by compaction failure in the subbase. Not only can standing water erode the surface as we’ve already discussed, but it can also undermine the integrity of other sections as the water is forced out of the depression and follows the drainage profile of the area in question.

 

5.  Rainbows Belong in the Sky, Not on Your Asphalt!

If you notice iridescent or rainbow-colored patches, these should be cleaned off as soon as possible. Oil and fuel spills can degrade the asphalt’s surface quickly, creating imperfections which over time can become full-fledged failures, reducing your asphalt’s performance and lifespan. 

 

6.  Clean it Up.

In addition to the fuel and oil spills mentioned above, it’s always a good idea to keep your asphalt clean and clear of debris such as garbage. Food products, in particular, should be cleaned up quickly, because these tend to have a relatively high acid content, e.g., ketchup, hot sauce, salad dressing, which then lingers on the surface, promoting deterioration of the asphalt. Besides, it just looks nicer!

 

7.  Root it Out.

If you have trip hazards such as uneven areas or raised roots, now is an excellent time to get them corrected. Trip hazards can be an expensive liability and can presage surface failure later depending upon the nature, type, and expression of the hazard. If possible, identifying and removing these hazards early can extend the life of your asphalt and help keep your insurance premiums down as well.

8. Traffic Control is Important.

Older and graying pavements make it significantly more difficult to see the traffic markings. This can lead to potential hazardous situations. Often the markings, arrows, crosswalks, stops and bars can become unrecognizable because of “ghosting”. This is the prior striping bleeding into view and confusing the drivers and pedestrians and leading to potential accidents. This condition is usually timely with the need to seal coat the pavement. Seal coat and restripe will solve this for years to come. This will also allow the property to be brought up to the current Building Code.

9.  Time is Not on Your Side.

By the time most people notice a problem with their paving, the damage could be far more extensive than even a detailed site walk can really pinpoint. Frequent examination and correcting areas which show indications of failure as soon as possible after they’re noted can help prevent costly, time-consuming, and unnecessary repairs.

 

10.  Call in the Professionals.

A paving job done poorly can often be worse than no repair at all. That’s why it’s worth your while to bring in pavement professionals with a solid track record of proven results. Calvac Paving has been serving the Bay Area since 1974, and we have the experience, resources and personnel to do the job right the first time, every time. Put our experience and cutting-edge construction technology and methods to work for your project by calling any of our Bay Area locations or clicking here to contact us!

8 Signs Your Asphalt May Be Failing

Asphalt is a very versatile and durable paving material. Its resilience and flexibility make it an ideal surface for everything from eight-lane superhighways to driveways to parking lots. However, asphalt does require care and maintenance to function at peak performance, and it can fail for a number of reasons. If you see any of these warning signs of failing asphalt, quick action can save you a lot of time, money, and hassle. Here are eight signs your asphalt may be failing—and what you can do to fix them!

 

1.  Alligatoring

Alligatoring is called that because of its appearance: interconnected cracks that look like alligator skin. It is an indication of load-related deterioration which could be caused by a weakened or improperly compacted subbase material, excessive traffic loading, inadequate pavement thickness, or a combination of these factors.

 

2.  Edge Cracks

Edge cracks are found within 1-2 feet of the outer edge of the asphalt surface, running longitudinally, or roughly parallel to the outer edge. These cracks are caused by improper support of the paving surface at the margins.

 

3.  Reflective Cracks

Reflective cracks most typically form in joints or areas of concrete or asphalt paving which have been previously repaired, such as with crack sealing or where a temporary corrective overlay has been placed to relieve stress on deteriorated paving. These cracks form because of continuing movement of the old pavement due to continuing traffic load.

 

4.  Slippage Cracks

Slippage cracks are easily identifiable because of their crescent shape. They occur either due to poorly bonded pavement layers or an asphalt mix design which is insufficient to the demands of the traffic patterns. These cracks appear because of forces applied by turning or braking vehicles, which cause the pavement to move slightly at first but with accelerating damage to the surface the longer the underlying cause goes uncorrected.

 

5.  Rutting and Depressions

Rutting is caused by weakness of the subgrade or base soil layers, instability of an asphalt mix, insufficient pavement thickness, or poor compaction. Rutting is a linear, surface depression of the wheel path caused by deformation or consolidation of any of the pavement layers or subgrade. Depressions, also known as birdbaths, are localized areas of pavement surface failure caused by poor initial construction techniques that undermine the asphalt over time. These may occur on their own or in conjunction with other failure indicators. If left unchecked, depressions can become potholes (see #8).

 

6.  Asphalt Patch Failure

These failures are easy to spot because they’re very localized to the area where a patch was placed, and characterized by unevenness, deflection or stress cracking along the perimeter of the patch. They are caused by either not fully removing the damaged area to be patched, or not allowing a minimum of one extra foot around the perimeter of the patch area to ensure the patch is bonding to an uncompromised surface. The rate of patch deterioration is influenced by materials selection, compaction, and the quality of the surrounding pavement as well as the underlying subbase. While the latter is not typically visible, adding one additional foot around the patch can help patches last longer and function better under load.

 

7.  Raveling

Raveling is caused when the aggregate particles in the asphalt cement wear away under traffic forces. This condition suggests either that a poor-quality mixture was used or the asphalt surface has hardened enough to no longer be supple and flexible.

 

8.   Potholes

These bowl-shaped holes are caused by localized disintegration of the pavement surface. Potholes are usually the result of another type of distress that has not been properly addressed. Segregation, failed patches and cracks can all lead to a pothole over time. Weak spots and localized areas of improper or insufficient compaction in the subgrade or subbase, or poor asphalt mix designs, can accelerate degradation of the pavement surface and the formation of potholes.

 

When you notice indications of paving failure, bring in an experienced paving contractor as soon as possible to restore the surface and minimize downtime, expense and the risk of further, more severe failure in the future. Calvac Paving has been proudly serving the Bay Area and beyond for over 45 years, and we’d like to put that experience to work for your next paving repair or new construction project. For more information, or to learn more about how Calvac Paving can deliver the results you need and want, call any of our Bay Area offices or click here to contact us today!